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Steve O's Baseball Umpire Resources

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Updated replay results: MLB Umpires 69/115 in 2014, a .600 affirmation rate.  Enjoy your visit.

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Question of the Month!
Pro Rules

Runner on 3rd, the batter hits a roller to the 2nd baseman. He tosses to the pitcher who just misses touching 1st. The pitcher then attemts to throw the runner out at home but the ball sails into the stands.

Where do you place the batter-runner?

Extra Credit

Who was the first player in MLB history to earn $1 million per year?

Baseball Calendar

06-05-2014 2014 First-Year Player Draft
07-15-2014 All-Star Game, Minneapolis, Minn.
07-18-2014 Deadline for Amatuer Picks to Sign
07-27-2014 Hall of Fame Inductions
09-01-2014 Active Rosters to 40 Players
09-17-2014  Roberto Clemente Day
09-30-2014 Post Season Begins
10-22-2014 World Series Begins
12-11-2014 Winter Meetings-San Diego, CA

Are You Correct?

March Answer

Q: The batter hits a line shot which amazingly hits the pitching rubber and bounces directly to the catcher, who fields it without having moved from his original position behind the plate. He then tags the batter, who has not had time to leave the batter's box.
What do you rule?

A: This is a foul ball, since it did not pass 1st or 3rd fair and did not settle on fair ground. The catcher is in foul territory behind the plate. (2.0: A fair ball. I actually saw this occur in 2000.)

Extra Credit

Q: Who holds the longest Yankee World Series hitting streak and how many games does it cover?

A: Hank Bauer: 17 consecutive games.

Previous Questions of the Month!!


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Milestones in Baseball History

1865: Overhand pitching legalized
1876: National League organized
1901: American League organized
1903: World Series began
1919: Chicago "Black Sox" scandal
1920: Live Ball era; Spitball banned
1927: Babe Ruth hits 60 home runs in a season
1932: Leagues adopt common baseballs
1935: Night baseball began
1939: First game televised (Cincinnati Reds vs. Brooklyn Dodgers)
1941: Joe DiMaggio hits safely in 56 consecutive games
1947: Jackie Robinson plays for the Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)
1947: Larry Doby plays for the Cleveland Indians (AL)
1951: First game televised in color (Boston Braves vs. Brooklyn Dodgers)
1961: Roger Maris breaks Ruth's home run record
1966: Emmett Ashford becomes the first black umpire in MLB when he reached the AL after 14 seasons in the minors
1971: Cowhide substituted for horsehide on baseball
1973: First AL Designated Hitter, Ron Blomberg, bats
1973: Art Williams becomes the first black umpire to reach the NL staff
1976: Dan Driessen becomes the first Designated Hitter from an NL team
1995: Cal Ripken breaks Gehrig's consecutive game record
1997: Interleague play begins
1998: Sammy Sosa and Mark McGwire break Maris' home run record
2000: Leagues use common umpires
2001: MLB signs contract with Questec to use its pitch tracking system to review umpire performance: eventually used in 11 ballparks
2008: Limited replay approved
2009: MLB's Zone Evaluation system replaces Questec in all ballparks
2010: First game televised in 3D (NY Yankees vs. Seattle Mariners)
2013: Season-long interleague play begins
2014: Expanded replay approved

Baseball Facts

Comments and Observations are now found on Facebook

Of the 199 MLB ejections in 2011, Jerry Layne and crewmates Bob Davidson, Hunter Wendelstedt and Brian Knight accounted for 26, or 13 percent: 8 for Davidson, 8 for Wendelstedt, 6 for Knight and 4 for Layne. With 17 umpire crews, the average crew administered just 11-12 ejections, meaning Layne's crew ejected twice as much as the average crew. By comparison, Joe West's crew barely scratched the 20 ejection mark. SteveO

Did you know that prior to 1947, a 4-man (or less in the early days) crew was used for the World Series? In 1947, MLB went to a 6-man crew. However, from 1947-1963, the two outfield umpires stayed in their position for the entire series and did not rotate. Only the four infield umpires rotated for the series. In 1964, MLB went to the current system of rotating all six umpires.

MLB has 30 teams, 17 umpire crews and 2,430 games Umpire scheduling protocol is that an umpire crew does not see the same team sooner than every 18 days and no more than 4 times in a season.

In 1878, the first paid umpires were in the National League, where the home teams were instructed to pay the umpires $5/game

Albert Pujols had won the 2003 NL batting title over Todd Helton by the closest margin in league history, the third tightest in ML history. The final stat was .35871 to .35849 or a .00022 difference. The tightest race ever was in 1945 when the Yankees' Snuffy Stirnweiss beat Tony Cuccinello of the White Sox by .00009. In 1949, Detroit's George Kell edge Boston's Ted Williams by .00016. Check out ML's All-Time Leaders.

Umpire signals were first used in the late 1800's to help a deaf mute player from that time understand what was going on in the game. His name was Dummy Hoy, and he was a ML outfielder from 1888 to 1902. See Umpire Communications for umpire signal information.

The shortest game in ML history was played on September 28, 1919 when the NY Giants beat the Philadelphia Phillies 6-1 in a game that took 51 minutes.

The longest 9-inning game in ML history took place on August 18, 2006 between New York (14 runs) & Boston (11 runs) and lasted 4:45. Jim Wolf was the plate umpire and called 437 pitches. It was the second game of a Day-Night DH. The first game lasted 3:55, with NY winning 12-4. Tony Randazzo was behind the plate for game one.

The second longest 9-inning game in ML history took place on October 5, 2001 between Los Angeles & San Francisco and lasted 4:27. Jerry Layne was the plate umpire and called 361 pitches.

The longest game in ML history featured Milwaukee at Chicago in 1984, required 25 innings and took 8:06.

Jim Evans Training Video
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What an Umpire Should Never Do
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Batter's Box Fiasco
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Fiele under construction


The single thing that separates good (officials) from the average one is timing. If you allow everything to develop in front of you, then take that picture, you can go get it developed and bring it back with a decision. I think that's what all officials should do. Your eyes are a camera and you're taking a picture. If you start moving the camera, you take the picture a little too fast, which is where timing comes in." Steve Palermo - Former AL Umpire

"I wish I had an answer to that, because I'm tired of answering that question." Yogi Berra- Additional YogismsBad Boy

"If I were playing third base and my mother were rounding third with the run that was going to beat us, I'd trip her. Oh, I'd pick her up and brush her off and say, 'Sorry, Mom,' but nobody beats me." Leo Durocher - More Quotes from Leo

"This ain't a football game, we do this every day." Earl Weaver - View more of Earl's Pearls

"Lefthanders have more enthusiasm for life. They sleep on the wrong side of the bed and their head gets more stagnant on that side." Casey Stengel - More of Casey

"I'm getting smarter, I finally punched something that couldn't sue me." Billy Martin- More from Billy

"If I'd known I was going to live so long I'd have taken better care of myself." Mickey Mantle- Additional Quotes from the Mick


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