Rookies of the Year

Rookies of the Year

1947 - 2013

In Major League Baseball, the Rookie of the Year Award is given annually to one player from each league as voted upon by the Baseball Writers Association of America (BBWAA). The award was established in 1940 by the Chicago chapter of the BBWAA who alone selected a rookie of the year. Starting in 1947, all members of the national BBWAA organization voted. Jackie Robinson was awarded the first official Rookie of the Year award. When casting their ballots each BBWAA voter used their own discretion as to who qualified as a rookie until 1957 when they defined the term as someone with less than 75 at-bats or 45 innings pitched in any previous season. This guideline was later amended to 90 at-bats, 45 innings pitched or 45 days on a major league roster before September 1 of the previous year. It was amended to the current standards in 1971 to 130 at-bats, 50 innings pitched or 45 days on the active roster of a major league club (excluding time on the disabled list) before September 1. Beginning in 1980 each voter names three rookies: a first place choice is given five points, a second place choice three points, and a third place one point. The award goes to the player with the most overall points. Prior to 1980 each voter cast one ballot for each league.

Originally the award was known as the J. Louis Comiskey Memorial Award, after the Chicago White Sox owner of the 1930s. In 1987, in honor of the 40th year since Jackie Robinson broke the baseball color line, it became known as the Jackie Robinson Award. Only two players, both in the American League, have been named Rookie of the Year and MVP in the same year, Fred Lynn in 1975 and Ichiro Suzuki in 2001. The only Rookie of the Year to win the Cy Young Award in the same year was Fernando Valenzuela in 1981. Initially, the award was simply called the "Major League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award." From 1947 to 1948, only one award was given to a single player. Since 1949, the honor has been given to one player in both the National League and American League.

The award has come under scrutiny in recent years, as several Japanese players (namely Hideo Nomo in 1995, Kazuhiro Sasaki in 2000, and Ichiro Suzuki in 2001) with prior experience in Japan have won the award during their first year playing in the United States. While rookies to Major League Baseball, these players were already tested professionals before coming to the United States, leading some baseball writers to question whether they should be considered true rookies. However, the policy remains in place that experience outside the U.S. major leagues does not affect one's status as a rookie. The issue was raised again in 2003, as Hideki Matsui narrowly lost the balloting to Angel Berroa. It should be noted that Jackie Robinson, the first recipient of the award, had already played in the Negro Leagues before playing in the major leagues, as did 1950 NL Rookie of the Year Sam Jethroe, who is currently the oldest player, at 32 years of age, to win the award. He was 33 days older than Seattle's Kazuhiro Saasaki from Japan, who won the award in 2000.

Rookie of the Year Winners
Jackie Robinson Award
* Unanimous selection

American League / National League

2013 - Will Myers, Tampa Bay
2012 - Mike Trout, LA Angels
2011 - Jeremy Hellickson, Tampa Bay
2010 - Neftali Feliz, Texas
2009 - Andrew Bailey, Oakland
2008 - Evan Longoria, Tampa Bay
2007 - Dustin Pedroia, Boston
2006 - Justin Verlander, Detroit
2005 - Huston Street, Oakland
2004 - Bobby Crosby, Oakland
2003 - Angel Berroa, Kansas City
2002 - Eric Hinske, Toronto
2001 - Ichiro Suzuki, Seattle
2000 - Kazuhiro Sasaki, Seattle
1999 - Carlos Beltran, Kansas City
1998 - Ben Grieve, Oakland A's
1997 - *Nomar Garciaparra, Boston
1996 - *Derek Jeter, N.Y. Yankees
1995 - Marty Cordova, Minnesota
1994 - Bob Hamelin, Kansas City
1993 - *Tim Salmon, California
1992 - Pat Listach, Milwaukee
1991 - Chuck Knoblauch, Minnesota
1990 - *Sandy Alomar, Jr., Cleveland
1989 - Gregg Olson, Baltimore
1988 - Walt Weiss, Oakland
1987 - *Mark McGwire, Oakland
1986 - Jose Canseco, Oakland
1985 - Ozzie Guillen, Chicago Wht Sox
1984 - Alvin Davis, Seattle
1983 - Ron Kittle, Chicago White Sox
1982 - Cal Ripken, Jr., Baltimore
1981 - Dave Righetti, N.Y. Yankees
1980 - Joe Charboneau, Cleveland
1979 - (tie) John Castino, Minnesota;
           Alfredo Griffin, Toronto
1978 - Lou Whitaker, Detroit
1977 - Eddie Murray, Baltimore
1976 - Mark Fidrych, Detroit
1975 - Fred Lynn, Boston
1974 - Mike Hargrove, Texas
1973 - Al Bumbry, Baltimore
1972 - *Carlton Fisk, Boston
1971 - Chris Chambliss, Cleveland
1970 - Thurman Munson, N.Y. Yankees
1969 - Lou Piniella, Kansas City
1968 - Stan Bahnsen, N.Y. Yankees
1967 - Rod Carew, Minnesota
1966 - Tommie Agee, Chicago Wt Sox
1965 - Curt Blefary, Baltimore
1964 - Tony Oliva, Minnesota
1963 - Gary Peters, Chicago White Sox
1962 - Tom Tresh, N.Y. Yankees
1961 - Don Schwall, Boston
1960 - Ron Hansen, Baltimore
1959 - Bob Allison, Washington
1958 - Albie Pearson, Washington
1957 - *Tony Kubek, N.Y. Yankees
1956 - Luis Aparicio, Chicago Wt Sox
1955 - Herb Score, Cleveland
1954 - Bob Grim, N.Y. Yankees
1953 - Harvey Kuenn, Detroit
1952 - Harry Byrd, Philadelphia A's
1951 - Gil McDougald, N.Y. Yankees
1950 - Walt Dropo, Boston
1949 - Roy Sievers, St. Louis Browns
2013 - Jose Fernandez, Miami
2012 - Bryce Harper, Washington
2011 - Craig Kimbrel, Atlanta
2010 - Buster Posey, San Fancisco
2009 - Chris Coghlan, Florida
2008 - Geovany Soto, Chicago Cubs
2007 - Ryan Braun, Milwaukee
2006 - Hanley Ramirez, Florida
2005 - Ryan Howard, Philadelphia
2004 - Jason Bay, Pittsburgh
2003 - Dontrelle Williams, Florida
2002 - Jason Jennings, Colorado
2001 - Albert Pujois, St. Louis
2000 - Rafael Furcal, Atlanta
1999 - Scott Williamson, Cincinnati
1998 - Kerry Wood, Chicago Cubs
1997 - *Scott Rolen, Philadelphia
1996 - Todd Hollandsworth, LA
1995 - Hideo Nomo, Los Angeles
1994 - *Raul Mondesi, Los Angeles
1993 - *Mike Piazza, Los Angeles
1992 - Eric Karros, Los Angeles
1991 - Jeff Bagwell, Houston
1990 - Dave Justice, Atlanta
1989 - Jerome Walton, Chicago Cubs
1988 - Chris Sabo, Cincinnati
1987 - *Benito Santiago, San Diego
1986 - Todd Worrell, St. Louis
1985 - *Vince Coleman, St. Louis
1984 - Dwight Gooden, N.Y. Mets
1983 - Darryl Strawberry, N.Y. Mets
1982 - Steve Sax, Los Angeles
1981 - Fernando Valenzuela, LA
1980 - Steve Howe, Los Angeles
1979 - Rick Sutcliffe, Los Angeles
1978 - Bob Horner, Atlanta
1977 - Andre Dawson, Montreal
1976 - (tie) Butch Metzger, San Diego   
          Pat Zachry, Cincinnati
1975 - John Montefusco, San Francisco
1974 - Bake McBride, St. Louis
1973 - Gary Matthews, San Francisco
1972 - Jon Matlack, N.Y. Mets
1971 - Earl Williams, Atlanta
1970 - Carl Morton, Montreal
1969 - Ted Sizemore, Los Angeles
1968 - Johnny Bench, Cincinnati
1967 - Tom Seaver, N.Y. Mets
1966 - Tommy Helms, Cincinnati
1965 - Jim Lefebvre, Los Angeles
1964 - Richie Allen, Philadelphia
1963 - Pete Rose, Cincinnati
1962 - Ken Hubbs, Chicago
1961 - Billy Williams, Chicago
1960 - Frank Howard, Los Angeles
1959 - Willie McCovey, San Francisco
1958 - Orlando Cepeda, San Francisco
1957 - Jack Sanford, Philadelphia
1956 - *Frank Robinson, Cincinnati
1955 - Bill Virdon, St. Louis
1954 - Wally Moon, St. Louis
1953 - Jim Gilliam, Brooklyn
1952 - Joe Black, Brooklyn
1951 - Willie Mays, New York Giants
1950 - Sam Jethroe, Boston
1949 - Don Newcombe, Brooklyn

One Award for Both Leagues

1948 - Alvin Dark, Boston (NL)
1947 - Jackie Robinson, Brooklyn (NL)

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